28 Turkmenistan Concepts

Benefits embrace basic and specialized care, hospitalization, laboratory services, dental care, maternity care, vaccination, and transportation. The maximum pensions are 330% or 160% of a fundamental amount established by legislation. The minimal pensions are one hundred sixty% , a hundred and forty% , or a hundred and twenty% of a basic quantity established by regulation. 180% of the private coefficient multiplied by gross monthly national common earnings is paid for a GroupI disability; 160% for a GroupII disability; a hundred and ten% for a GroupIII incapacity. A month-to-month pension of 70% of of a primary quantity established by law is paid. The most pension is 70.1% of gross month-to-month nationwide common earnings.

The sophomore from Turkmenistan is the primary international scholar to carry the position of president in the Student Senate — and on Friday, she’s going to graduate with a double major in Spanish and worldwide studies. Bossan Abdyyeva turned the primary international student to turn into president of the Northwest College Student Senate. She plans to return to her native Turkmenistan and work to effect change. The metropolis feels like it was designed and built for a population that never materialized. The only folks reliably found on the road are police officers, who are in all places, guarding what typically seems like nothing. There’s a pair posted up at the entrance to a sq. not removed from my lodge, and so they inform me I can’t walk via.

Expert Perspective:jeff Spurr, Islamic And Middle East Specialist, Harvard College Fantastic Arts Library

ASHGABAT, 25 July 2013 – Some 25 officers of Turkmenistan’s regulation enforcement institutions participated in an OSCE-organized seminar on women’s rights and gender issues in Ashgabat today. The OSCE Centre in Ashgabat works with native institutions on issues associated to gender equality and ladies’s rights. Typical suspects had been either found with out their papers or had been thought-about to be behaving in an excessively “merry” fashion.

Sadly, this community- centered way of life is now endangered by the unfold of contemporary high-rises, which lack area for such gatherings and for the animals which are part of Turkmen economic system and food. The celebratory meal is named a sadaka; it is shared with others on essential events similar to births, housewarmings, marriages and the like. I attended one other sadaka the very subsequent day, this one at the house of a Meredov cousin, to have fun the fortieth day following a baby’s start. After befriending the Meredovs’ extended group of associates and family members, I was invited to attend two gatherings the place Turkmen specialties have been served.

This International Women’s Day, as a substitute of the normal items of flowers or chocolates, the president of Turkmenistan goes to say it with cash. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov is planning to offer all women in his nation 40 manat ($eleven) to have fun March 8, Russian information agency Rosbalt stories, just as he has done for the past three years. This comes against the backdrop of a fast-deteriorating financial scenario in the country with meals shortages and hovering unemployment, which have the government more and more edgy about any potential source of dissent, including online. Recently, the State News Agency of Turkmenistan reported that the vp of Rohde und Schwarz, a German technology company, had met Turkmen president Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov. While the official purpose for the encounter was trade, activists and Turkmenistan-watchers worry that the federal government’s real aim is to acquire devices to observe and block cellular and satellite tv for pc communications, in addition to internet entry. Because of this, Human Rights Watch known as upon Rohde und Schwarz to disclose its dealings with Turkmenistan to be able to guarantee accountability. It seems these questions are hard to reply on a 5-day go to that I’m supposedly spending transiting between two adjacent countries that share a border.

Tradition And Society In Turkmenistan

Greater involvement of girls in social, political and skilled life. Statistically, fewer than forty p.c of girls in Turkmenistan are learning on the tertiary training level. In contrast, ladies in surrounding nations previously beneath Soviet rule – like Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan – are actually extra probably than boys to attend school. Among faculty districts throughout Turkmenistan, a standardized curriculum is required with a number of years devoted to humanities studies. This includes topics like history, physics, overseas languages, world cultures and the Turkmen or Russian language. Unfortunately, Turkmenistan education lacks quality, particularly among lecturers. Turkmenistan is among the 5 unbiased states that shaped after the dissolution of The Soviet Union in 1991.

There had been no official figures out there or unbiased reporting on the number of violations to assess whether or not the Ministry of Justice and the Prosecutor General’s Office effectively enforced the 2005 presidential decree prohibiting youngster labor. The government released a National Action Plan to handle human trafficking in addition to a National Victim Referral Mechanism.

Today, roughly seven hundred Jews reside within the country, primarily within the capital, Ashkhabad. A tiny group of Bukharan Jews lives in Turkmenabat, a village on the border with Uzbekistan. Iranian Jews solely make up about 20 percent of the Turkmenistan Jewish inhabitants, comprised of principally Ashkenazim who immigrated to the region during the Soviet era. Persian Jews started to immigrate from Iran to Turkmenistan within the late 1830s. Fleeing persecution, they settled within the Turkmenistan cities of Mary, Yoletan, and Baram-Ali. Little is understood about the development of this neighborhood beneath the Soviets as a result of its isolation from main cities, transportation and communication techniques.

Household Earnings Or Consumption By Percentage Share

RFE/RL reporter, Soltan Achilova, who has been assaulted quite a few instances in earlier years, was attacked on multiple occasions. In May, plainclothed security brokers threatened her and blocked her access to a public memorial occasion, which she had sought to photograph. In June, two men punched Achilova when she was visiting relatives in Yoloten, knocking her over and injuring her. On the identical day, the police seized her relatives’ car, saying that they might not return it till Achilova left for Ashgabat.

In the previous there were many examples of safety forces committing human rights abuses. Women and ladies in Turkmenistan endure nice discrimination, particularly throughout the realm of political involvement and gender-based mostly violence.

Nationwide Nutrition Insurance Policies

Characteristic of the Tekke, for instance, are giant convex headpieces calledegme.Thechyrpyalso communicates information about a woman’s social standing. A darkchyrpylike this one can be worn by a youthful woman, whereas married or middle-aged women would wear yellow and older women would put on white.

The average cost of an unlicensed cab—to anywhere within the metropolis—is ten Manat. Western visitors have reported being presumed responsible in automotive accidents with locals because of the notion that foreigners have cash. Traffic police work at stationary positions and checkpoints, and alongside major roads in the middle of Ashgabat. Traffic police are at nearly each intersection; they use a white-and-black striped stick when signaling drivers to stop for questioning. It is not uncommon for police to stop and question pedestrians and drivers. Traffic police are broadly believed to be corrupt, and so they usually cease vehicles simply to ask drivers for bribes.

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Turkmenistan’s training system has been in a downward spiral for a number of years. Whereas Soviet college students had access to strong institutions of upper schooling, solely kids of the wealthiest families in Turkmenistan have access to larger schooling today. Children now attend faculty for significantly less periods of time than they did under the Soviet system, and the quality of education has declined exponentially. As famous previously, the one organization that the federal government identifies in its report as an NGO dedicated to women is the Union of Women – Gurbansultan-Eje. That group, like the opposite “necessary social associations” highlighted in the report, has sturdy ties to the federal government and doesn’t act as an impartial entity. The report additionally states that to the Post’s information, the Government of Turkmenistan has not prosecuted any case in opposition to TIP.

The legislation also prohibits children from working extra time or between the hours of 10 p.m. A 2005 presidential decree bans child click to read labor in all sectors and states particularly that kids may not take part within the cotton harvest.

According to the United Nations Population Fund, girls’ education contributes to financial development, positively impacts maternal, baby, and reproductive health, and improves households’ economic prospects. The authorities enforced this new law by investigating NGO actions and harassing and interrogating the groups’ leaders and members.As a result, the vast majority of NGOs in Turkmenistan have been compelled to stop their activities as a result of they could not register. Some decided to operate covertly, whereas others made the difficult choice to partner with authorities entities so as to proceed their work. Women do have the right to vote in elections to the same extent as men, however many select not to as a result of elections are usually predetermined. For example, the government holds elections every 5 years for president, but historical past indicates that Niyazov will likely continue to remain in power past the term limit offered for in the Constitution. The government doesn’t allow overseas observers to watch elections, so the extent to which elections are free or honest is unknown.

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